Other major ethnic groups include Zarma-Songhai, Tuareg, Fula, and Arab. "Negro" was also used of the peoples of West Africa in old maps labelled Negroland, an area stretching along the Niger River. In addition, several countries have a large number of sub-names for their citizens in the form of nicknames for people of certain different areas; these are usually related to something typical of the area. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. Ultimately, even though I don't find any of the four asserted arguments on behalf of Nigerien particularly persuasive, I would probably use it in preference to Nigerois, for two reasons. The remaining six instances were far from obviously Niger-related either; but when you're dealing with snippet views, the necessary context can be hard to come by. It is one of the constituent states of the Niger Delta region. From a web search, it appears that NY Times' last use of "Nigerois" was in 2011 - the term "Nigerien" appears in more recent articles. Except in cases such as Spain, in which sub-names have been used interchangeably by others, sub-names belonging to some areas in a country are not listed here. Almost certainly the reason Nigeran didn't catch on as the adjective form of Niger is that typos and typesetting mistakes of this very kind were a constant danger. Note: Demonyms are given in plural forms. As a sub-field of anthroponymy, the study of demonyms is called demonymy or demonymics. Niger covers a land area of almost 1,270,000 km (490,000 sq mi), making it the largest country in West Africa. Of possible interest is a Wikipedia user page started in 2013. Neighboring countries include Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Libya, Mali, and Nigeria. - African Country Demonyms - African Culture at BellaOnline Edit Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa, bordered by Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. That reality doesn't make the latter term a living fossil, but it does suggest that the historical direction of usage is against it. When I find multiple conflicting usages, I like to see what other people are using. Demonyms are usually in plural form. What is the correct way to form a demonym from an acronym? Over 80% of its land area lies in the Sahara Desert. A demonym can also be used to show the origin of something for example, “English Football” refers to football played in England. Notable examples are cuisines, cheeses, cat breeds, dog breeds, and horse breeds. Don't know if that indicates a change in their style book since the edition cited above. Dixie Wills, New World Order: Every Country on Earth, Sorted (2008) puts the case (rather obnoxiously) this way: Pub fact: For decades, the pubs, bars and discotheques of the world have resounded to the debate, often quite heated, surrounding the adjectival form of Niger. Do not confuse with Nigeria and Nigerians, for the larger country and its people.). The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. Most matches were for the chemical nigeran, and many of the rest were clearly typos for Nigerian. People from Earth are often called Earthlings, but all of the other Solar planetary demonyms end in -an, including other names for Earthfolk such as Terrans, Tellurians, and in Futurama, Earthicans. A slate.com article which claims to have verified its facts with the Nigerien Embassay in the US says. 40. What do you call someone who hails from Niger? To (some) North Americans, the pattern of the word Nigerois is immediately recognizable as matching that of Quebecois (a native of Quebec), so it isn't an altogether outlandish formulation. Note: Demonyms are given in plural forms. The oldest instance is exceedingly old—from U.S. Department of Defense, Africa Names and Concepts (1961)—but only a handful of others come from the 1960s. Obnoxious or not, Wills did enough research to discover that the River Niger owes it name to the Tuareg word n'eghirren (which she says means "flowing water"). Of the 27 matches from the period 1985–1987 in a Google Books search for Nigeran, 18 were to the polymer, and 9 were (arguably) to the adjective form of Niger. Notice that in English we capitalize both the Demonym and Adjectival forms of the word because they are derived from proper nouns. Apparently, the answer is to aim at a noise approximating to 'Nigérien'. The only complication hindering Nigerien in its progress toward universal adoption in English is its susceptibility to hard-to-catch typographical error—a practical problem that may keep Nigerois in the New York Times Manual of Style and other style guides for years to come. Re: The Meaning Of Recently Found Word "Demonym" by smudge2079(m): 1:11pm On Oct 23, 2015; Dottore: This is a very nice post, very informative and scintillating. A demonym (/ ˈ d ɛ m ə n ɪ m /; from Ancient Greek δῆμος, dêmos, "people, tribe" and ὄνυμα, ónuma, "name") or gentilic (from Latin gentilis, "of a clan, or gens") is a word that identifies a group of people (inhabitants, residents, natives) in relation to a particular place. Demonym. Realistic task for teaching bit operations, Piano notation for student unable to access written and spoken language. Niger is landlocked, meaning it has no coastline. I don't believe that the Google Books evidence supports a claim that Nigerois is obsolescent or archaic, but I do think that Nigerien as a noun is gaining ground—and as an adjective it clearly enjoys a massive advantage, since the advocates of Nigerois generally don't recommend using it as an adjective at all. First, I am impressed that Merriam-Webster's online has switched from "Nigerois only" to "Nigerois and Nigerien" in the past decade. english.stackexchange.com. A country adjective describes something as being from that country, for example, "Italian cuisine" is "cuisine of Italy". A Demonym is an adjective that is used to refer to a person from a particular place or nation. What is the demonym for Norfolk, Virginia? Could all participants of the recent Capitol invasion be charged over the death of Officer Brian D. Sicknick? This is also backed up by the Oxford Learner's Dictionary and Wiktionary. Usually the guys over there are good with such stuff so I'd trust them with this one. Is this simply a terminological difference between U.S. (or North American) English and British English, or is one word truly more appropriate than the other? Mr. The French terminations -ois / -ais serve as both the singular and plural masculine; adding e (-oise / -aise) makes them singular feminine; es (-oises / -aises) makes them plural feminine. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Abia is a state in the south eastern part of Nigeria. Old-schoolers (and, in what an editor there called “something of an oversight,” the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary) still use the archaic Nigerois (nee-zher-WAH); more common and up-to-date is Nigerien (nee-ZHER-yen). What is the demonym for a citizen of Niger? Second, as Slate Magazine's The Explainer (2004) argues in a commentary on Niger, the term Nigerois is "archaic": Until 1960, Niger was a colony of France, and French is still Niger' official language. Adjectives ending in -ish can be used as collective demonyms (e.g. Could you say "he is a Nigerien from Niger"? @AndrewLeach I am well aware :) Unfortunately I neither have the experience of the other answerers, so it's near impossible for me to write such all-comprising answers. Niger has a population of 18,638,600 (July 2016 est.) Niger is bordered by Libya to the northeast, Chad to the east, Nigeria to the south, Benin to the southwest, Mali to the northwest, Burkina Faso to the southwest, and Algeria to the northwest. Its neighbor Nigeria, with which it is occasionally confused, was under English control before it gained its independence, also in 1960; that's why the pronunciations differ so sharply. On the other hand, she failed to notice that, virtually unanimously, the institutional proponents of Nigerois recommend using it only as a noun referring to the people of Niger, not as an adjective. the adjective Czech does not qualify). To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. But while in Niger he was told that nobody uses that word and so decided to stick with Nigeriens. Demonyms and ethnonyms are not to be confused with each other. I am aware of four arguments that others have made for preferring Nigerien to Nigerois. But The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage (1999) and Merriam-Webster’s Eleventh Collegiate Dictionary (2003) say that the proper name is Nigerois. What's the fastest / most fun way to create a fork in Blender? If a citizen of Nigeria is a Nigerian, what is a citizen of Niger referred to as? Niger as an adjective may still be common, but (in a situation mirroring Nigerien as a noun versus Nigerien as an adjective) those instances tend to get lost in the forest of instances of Niger as a noun. Niger (officially the Republic of Niger) is a landlocked country in West Africa. Go for 'Nigerian' and everyone thinks you're referring to Nigeria; opt for 'Nigerois' and no one knows what you're talking about; while plumping for plain old 'Niger' just doesn't sound right. It was also, to some extent, the fact that publishers didn't trust their audience to know that any such place as Niger existed. Put new text under old text. There is no adjective or demonym that distinguishes the Republic of Ireland from the entire island of, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, List of adjectival and demonymic forms of place names, List of adjectivals and demonyms for astronomical bodies, List of adjectivals and demonyms for continental regions, List of adjectivals and demonyms for subcontinental regions, List of adjectivals and demonyms for Australia, List of adjectivals and demonyms for Canada, List of adjectivals and demonyms for Cuba, List of adjectivals and demonyms for India, List of adjectivals and demonyms for Malaysia, List of adjectivals and demonyms for Mexico, List of adjectivals and demonyms for New Zealand, List of adjectivals and demonyms for the Philippines, List of adjectivals and demonyms for the United States, List of adjectivals and demonyms for cities, List of adjectivals and demonyms for former regions, List of adjectivals and demonyms for Greco-Roman antiquity, List of adjectivals and demonyms for fictional regions, claimed by the People's Republic of China (PRC), https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/argentinian, https://www.ef.com/wwen/english-resources/english-grammar/nationalities/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_adjectival_and_demonymic_forms_for_countries_and_nations&oldid=994330191, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 04:08. Often, which term to use for a person is a matter of preference and circumstance. Text alignment error in table with figure, How to find out if a preprint has been already published. The English Wikipedia page lists Nigerien (/niːˈʒɛəriən/). Niger is a multi-ethnic country. There might be a subtle difference, but the listener would not recognize it unless listening very carefully. Do rockets leave launch pad at full thrust? Just to make sure everyone knows what you are talking about? 41. The NGrams data clearly shows a vast preference for Nigerien. National Geographic Magazine attributes this term to Merriam-Webster editor Paul Dickson. Good luck. And fourth, referring to an October 11, 2005, "On the Ground" blog item by New York Times editorial columnist Nicholas Kristof—again cited in Mr. @HotLicks: So "He comes from Niger" or "he is a citizen of Niger" might be preferable of you want to actually inform a listener where that person comes from. If China was disbanded today and a dozen new states sprung up, we'd need names for each of them, and I bet their local names would go a long way towards determining what our new words would be. Plotting datapoints found in data given in a .txt file. Neither the criticism of Nigerois based on its etymological origin nor the one based on its nonuse in Niger seems especially compelling—unless we are determined to adopt a comparable test for the names we use in English for other nationalities of the world. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Angular momentum of a purely rotating body about any axis. 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( 490,000 sq mi ), Nigerien dominates current usage written and spoken language use of one more! See what other people are using a purely rotating body about any axis used as collective demonyms (.!
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