Despite their size and home-like nature, which are often traits that tack along with less-intelligent breeds, the Chihuahua is quite sharp. Socialization and training often can't overcome bad genes in a Chihuahua. Puppy classes are a must. Chihuahua is the smallest dog breed in the world, originating in the homonymous Mexican state, and with well-defined morphological characteristics. It’s especially important to motivate your Chihuahua to learn. Chis tend to be one-person canines, so your little guy's world revolves around you and he might be overprotective. Every dog needs exercise, despite their size or build. Then their puppies inherit genes for a bad temperament. But they're actually much more common than that, because a lot of Chihuahuas are registered with other organizations, or left unregistered. You can find them in a purse, on a couch, or barking at another companion twenty times their size. See All of Michele's Best-Selling Dog Books, 11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy, Homemade Dog Food Delivered To Your House. So if possible, try to stick with Chihuahuas who will mature at 4 lbs and up. An indoor litterbox is another option. Although the Chihuahua clubs wish it weren't so.... there is another head type called a deer head (yes, like a deer). Also look at the parents. Too much can happen to these little guys in the blink of an eye. Blue is not a normal color in dogs, like black or brown or white. Yet, even with their reputation, these tiny little creatures are still in the top 30 of the AKC’s most popular list, and they’ve earned that spot for a reason. Appearance . All Chihuahuas are Toys. An awful lot of breeders will lowball their pups' weights in order to make a sale. There is no such breed or variety as a Teacup Chihuahua, or any of the other names. Chocolate, white, black and tan, and blue (it's actually gray, but it's called blue). Often—when a newborn enters the household—the Chihuahua will become jealous of the child’s attention, and turn inwards. Being accidentally jumped on by a larger dog, Being grabbed by a great horned owl or an eagle (even a large hawk, if the Chihuahua is a small puppy), dental disease – weak crooked teeth that form tartar as quickly as you can scrape it off; their mouth is too small to provide firm footing for healthy teeth, luxating patella – loose knee joints, which can require expensive surgery, corneal ulcers – their large eyes are vulnerable to damaging scratches, collapsing trachea – a weak windpipe, resulting in chronic coughing, liver shunt – a severe liver condition that requires tricky surgery, hydrocephalus – fluid on the brain, resulting in neurological symptoms. No part of this website may be copied, displayed on another website, or distributed in any way without permission from the author. These breeders might even price their dogs according to weight, as if that should define a dog's value. But truthfully.... Chihuahuas love to have a safe place to run and play on the grass, just like larger dogs do. Chihuahuas are determined, fearless and tenacious. Long Coat Chihuahuas – a black and a chocolate. Stubborn or eager to please. Some countries have even banned them from being registered. Instead the Chihuahua seems exactly what they’re supposed to be; a people-pleasing canine that is highly adaptable, often a one-person dog, has dynamite for a temper, and loves their family. Hard to housebreak, though! Receive 25% off your next order when you share your testimonial with us! Are you sure you can provide what this breed needs? The trick is to let your Chihuahua walk on his own as much as possible, while still keeping an eagle eye out for real danger. DogAppy provides some facts about the Chorkie dog. Thus, a merle should never be bred to another merle, as the risk to the pups is huge. It's as though the Chihuahua wants to convince the larger dog that he is a force to reckon with rather than a helpless prey animal. You might have heard of a Teacup Chihuahua? Although there are plenty of theories as to their true heritage, no one quite knows exactly what breed(s) paved the way for the little canine. If you come to my house, you will leave with dark gray hairs on your clothes. The Chihuahua temperament—when properly raised and, —should be loving, excitable, and sociable towards loved ones. Duh. Copyright © 2000-2020 by Michele Welton. Chihuahuas are absolutely brimming with personality – often a quirky and eccentric personality unmatched by any other breed. They have a propensity to demonstrate poor behavior, and certainly shouldn’t be around small children or unsupervised in the company of other canines, but if they’re given a proper upbringing there’s no reason why they shouldn’t be sociable, affable, and kind to others. The longer and thicker the coat, the more work it will be. This is most likely to happen when a puppy inherits merle genes from BOTH parents. However this dignified persona and confidence is often what makes them so hard to train and housebreak, as they can be quite fickle when it comes to obedience. Information contained or made available through the Canna-Pet® website is not intended to constitute or substitute for legal advice or veterinary advice. But what does bother me are the potential health problems of merle Chihuahuas. The most difficult thing to teach a Chihuahua? It sounds funny, but it's not. Skeletal and cardiac deformities can also occur. Which essentially means that merle Chihuahuas aren't truly purebred. The apple headed Chihuahua is the most common. How do Chihuahuas get along with dogs outside their own family? Such a breeder might tell you that "Toy" Chihuahuas are a certain weight range, "Tiny Toy" Chihuahuas are slightly smaller, "Extreme Tiny" Chihuahuas are smaller than that, etc. Whenever your pup has acted appropriately or done something right, reward him with praise, extra love, treats, playtime, and even a favorite toy. Long Coats to be milder-mannered and more willing to please. There isn't enough room in their mouth for healthy teeth. Some individuals are easy to train, while others are a bit more stubborn. Their internal organs are often weak and can fail suddenly – you might come downstairs one morning and find them inexplicably dead in their basket. I'll be happy to show you how to raise and train your new family member. and introverted, as their defense mechanism will throw a red flag up. Children should not pick up this breed. It's not safe for the Chihuahua, it's not psychologically healthy for the Chihuahua, and it contributes to the breed's reputation as a nasty little yapper. Chihuahuas are more prone to injury than to illness or disease. Yes, it's a bit confusing, but deer can describe a head shape (see above) or a body shape. Often one or both eyes is blue. They also burrow under blankets and tunnel under towels. About the author: Michele Welton has over 40 years of experience as a Dog Trainer, Dog Breed Consultant, and founder of three Dog Training Centers. Just as dilution genes act on pigment by washing it into a lighter color, merle genes act on pigment by whitening it. The Chihuahua has a clouded history and although an old breed, they are relatively new to the United States and Canada. Those phrases are made-up. These measurements can vary between the two types of Chihuahua dog; the apple headed Chihuahua and the deer headed Chihuahua. Chihuahuas do not have a particularly good reputation among the general public. In the worst cases they’re unkind to the children altogether. These qualities, combined with a powerful set of vocal cords, make the Chihuahua a natural watchdog who will never fail to alert the family to anyone who darkens the door. Even though they are considered lap dogs, they are active and like to be kept occupied. If you bring home an individual who has inherited genes for a bad temperament.... well, let's just say that's not a wise thing to do unless you're prepared to live with an unstable dog. Chihuahua Personality There is no doubt that this quirky little breed is a confident, minuscule dog that loves to give and receive attention. Other people take a perfectly good Chihuahua and treat him like a stuffed toy or doll, or as a substitute for a human infant. Chipit (Pitbull + Chihuahua) A Chipit is a Chihuahua hybrid that is a hardy and sturdy dog despite its … The Chihuahua temperament—when properly raised and socialized—should be loving, excitable, and sociable towards loved ones. So keep all of your dog's private parts trimmed short. Paired with their naturally high-pitched bark, you have a dog that excites at every turn, meaning they can be a nuisance. Be aware that dogs can look like Chihuahuas without having any Chihuahua genes at all. Instead, positive reinforcement is the road to a well-trained Chihuahua. To sum up the personality of a Chihuahua in one word, would be to say they’re bold. Their bones are more fragile. They can be from 2 to 6 pounds and can stand up from 5 to 7 inches, from shoulder to paw. They’re bold in the way they love, the way they encounter the world, and when you’re trying to train them. They’re one of those. The Chihuahua is one of the most dignified and fearless dogs of all breeds. is key. Or you can just hop onto Craigslist and buy the first Chihuahua puppy you see from someone who "just breeds pets" or "just had one litter." You need to be careful whenever you sit down on your sofa or bed, as there could be a Chihuahua tucked under there. Attentive Chihuahuas with deer heads and deer builds. Don't buy a merle puppy from two merle parents. How a Chihuahua turns out depends very much on the genetic temperament of his parents and grandparents. Dark blue Chihuahua. The nose may be pointed or short, depending on which genes are stronger, and black or brown in color. For the Shih Tzu, the average lifespan is anywhere from 10 to 18 years while, for the Chihuahua, it is 12 to 20. If you have a blue Chihuahua or are thinking of getting one, read more about color dilution alopecia on my Chihuahua Health page. Tags: chihuahua behavior, chihuahua personality, chihuahua temperament, chihuahua traits. According to the official breed clubs, Chihuahuas should be about 5-9 inches at the shoulder and weigh 2-6 lbs. They’re small enough to fit into purses and yet energetic and athletic enough to play around the home. Malchi dogs with short hair similar to the Chihuahua need to be groomed minimally with occasional brushing using a brush having firm bristles for the purpose of removing the dead hairs. Adopting From Public Animal Shelters and Humane Societies, Puppy Training Schedule: What To Teach, and When, Solve Behavior Problems By Teaching Your Dog To Respect You, Comical, entertaining, expressive, quirky, loyal, Smooth Coat, Long Coat, applehead, deerhead, cobby build, deer build, Good with pets in his own family, dislikes strange dogs, Smooth Coat: minimal; Long Coat: light to moderate, Fawn, cream, gold, red, white, black, chocolate, silver, blue, bicolor, tricolor, brindle, merle, Papillon, Yorkshire Terrier, Toy Fox Terrier, Maltese, Oh-so-funny and entertaining in quirky ways (hard to describe – you gotta be there! Others have one deer-like feature, but not the other. First and foremost—especially when your puppy first enters your home—early socialization is key. It's no wonder that so many Chihuahuas are neurotic when they're made that way by their owners. To sum up the personality of a Chihuahua in one word, would be to say they’re bold. The pigment inside a dog's ears and on their eyes – essential pigment that nerve endings require to conduct auditory and visual impulses – can also whiten. Whether an individual weighs 2 lbs or 6 lbs or 12 lbs, he's still a Chihuahua, which is a Toy breed. In other words, entire lines of Chihuahuas are social or antisocial. Their head has, as its … Owning a toy breed means constant supervision and surveillance of what's going on around your tiny dog. Unofficially, Chihuahuas actually come in SIX coats, because the two varieties have three "versions" apiece: Smooth Coat Chihuahua and Long Coat Chihuahua. The more you accustom your puppy to foreign environments, people, and dogs, the likelihood of him being more confident and sociable increases immensely. Are they healthy for those 13-15 years? Here in the United States, the national Chihuahua Club and the American Kennel Club have chosen to accept merle Chihuahuas. The Chihuahua is a good companion dog. If one or both is oversized, their pups are more likely to be, too. Yorkies are a nice blend of terrier and toy traits and you clip the coat short for easy maintenance. Housebreaking. The Chihuahua is a breed well known for its immense loyalty to one owner, and because of this has become one of the most common toy breeds. I never recommend keeping a Chihuahua with children under the age of about 10, no matter how well-meaning the child. Chihuahuas typically live 13-15 years. They come from a town called Chihuahua, in Mexico. Most Chihuahuas need very little obedience training. Despite their small size, Chihuahuas have big personalities and are often fiercely devoted to one of its masters – this devotion can occasionally become over-protective, leading the dog to become snappy or reserved around strangers. Otherwise whenever he goes to the bathroom, the result is going to be unsanitary, both for the dog and for your house. If an especially tiny Chihuahua pops up in one of their normal-size litters, they find the best home they can for it. The Chihuahua may be seeking to protect itself by putting up a blustering facade that tells the other dog to "move along.". But they try not to produce them in the first place. Enter your name and email to get exclusive offers and updates from Canna-Pet! It has all the desirable characteristics of a small dog, and it is also hypoallergenic! If you don't stop this behavior dead in its tracks, your Chihuahua may end up disliking everyone in the world, which is a short step to biting when someone unwittingly instrude on "his" space. You can find individuals who are lively or placid. The Chihuahua is a tiny but confident dog that loves to give and receive attention. Chihuahuas are all dog, fully capable of competing in dog sports such as agility and obedience, and are among the top ten watchdogs recommended by experts. Maybe. Anything that sticks to long hair eventually ends up on your floor or furnishings. BOTH PARENTS of a Chihuahua puppy should have: A nice bonus would be if BOTH PARENTS of the puppy also have: If a seller can't show you those certificates, the puppies are higher risk for health problems. Classic apple head, short muzzle, tricolor Smooth Chihuahua. Sometimes a doggy door is necessary so your Chihuahua can run outside the moment he feels the urge in his tiny bladder. NOT on whether the coat is short or long, but whether it is double (outer coat plus undercoat) or single (just an outercoat). Merle is both striking and attractive: a swirled/patched/mottled pattern, usually gray-blue, black, tan, and white. You might choose to accept that risk. This is known as a deer build and these dogs are often athletic and agile. The Papillon is similar to a Chihuahua in appearance.... at least similar to a longhaired, tricolored Chihuahua with a slender, graceful build. 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